Trauma PI Blog Post

How Often Should My Performance Improvement Committee Meet?

Trauma committee meeting

Every trauma center is required to have two specific committees: a multidisciplinary trauma performance improvement committee (PI), and a trauma operations committee (ops). The composition of these committees will be addressed in another post. But a common question is, “how often do my committees need to meet?” Let’s start with your PI committee.

The answer, of course, is “it depends.” There is no cookie-cutter, one-size-fits-all answer. In this post, I’ll review the six factors you need to think about when designing your meeting schedule.

Total Patient Volume

The number of patients seen at your center has a direct impact on your PI committee meeting schedule. Obviously, the more patient encounters, the more likely that performance issues will arise, and the more likely that some will need to be aired at the full committee meeting.

PI Issue Volume

What is the total number of PI items that your program identifies over time? Busy Level I centers may find five or ten items every day! In contrast, an average Level IV center may only find a PI issue to pursue every few weeks. This has an obvious impact on how often these items need to be escalated, analyzed, and discussed at your PI meeting.

PI Issue Severity

What fraction of your PI cases actually require discussion by the full committee? How many can be processed and closed by either the Trauma Program Manager alone (primary review) or in conjunction with the Trauma Medical Director (secondary review)? Only complex cases that require the input of multiple liaisons actually need to go to the committee.

Alternate review pathways

There are more options for review other than the primary and secondary pathways mentioned in the previous paragraph. Typical options would be direct correspondence with a liaison for simple one-service issues, or discussion (and good documentation) from a morbidity and mortality conference. Use of these alternatives will reduce the number of potential cases for your PI committee and decrease the overall number of meetings needed.

Age of your Trauma Program

Are you part of a mature, long-standing trauma center? Or is your program newly-minted by the American College of Surgeons or state designating agency? Newer centers benefit from sending more items to the PI committee to build engagement of the liaisons and other attendees. More frequent meetings help get them used to the review process and the frank but friendly discussions required for effective PI review.

PI Committee “Leftovers”

How often do you need to table issues or cases until the next meeting because you ran out of time? If you are chronically short of time to discuss all the agenda items, it’s time to either make the meeting longer (groan!) or schedule them more frequently.

Bottom line

These six factors listed above must be considered when choosing your meeting schedule. Here are my starting suggestions for the ideal frequencies for adult trauma centers:

  • Level I – monthly
  • Moderate to high volume Level II – monthly
  • Lower volume Level II – bimonthly
  • Level III – bimonthly to quarterly
  • Level IV – quarterly

Most pediatric centers admit lower volumes and less complex patients, which usually only warrants a bimonthly meeting.

Remember, these are starting meeting frequencies only. If you are a new trauma center, consider more frequent meetings for your first year to get your attendees used to and invested in the process. And if you find that you have too few cases to fill the meeting or too many hold-overs until the next meeting, adjust your calendar appropriately.

In my next post, I’ll cover this same topic for your trauma operations committee.

Michael McGonigal

Michael McGonigal

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